Expert Opinions on Optimal Enforcement of Minimum Purchase Age Laws for Tobacco. Levy DT, Chaloupka F, Slater S. Journal of Public Health Management Practice, Vol.6, No. 3, 107-114 (2000).
A questionnaire on how youth access laws should be enforced was sent to 20 experts who had administered and/or evaluated a youth access enforcement program. Respondents agreed on the need for a high level of retail compliance, checkers representative of the community, checks at least twice per year, a graduated penalty structure with license revocation, and bans on self-service and vending machines. Respondents indicated the need for research on the effects of ID use, frequency of checks, penalty structures, and the effects on smoking rates of youth access policies alone and in conjunction with other tobacco control policies.